As the drillmaster of Valley Forge, he taught the soldiers how to use the bayonet, and most importantly, how to re-form lines quickly in the midst of battle. Washington also received help from his wife Martha who arrived from Mount Vernon in February.
- During the winter at Valley Forge in 1776, George Washington decided to begin inoculating soldiers against smallpox, a disease he had experienced as a teenager in 1751 while visiting the island of Barbados. 1
General George Washington tried to use the winter at Valley Forge to plan military strategies for 1778, to get his troops back in order, and to train them for further engagements. Undoubtedly it was a highly stressful period for the Continental Army. But it was an especially trying period for Washington himself.
Why did Washington go to Valley Forge?
General George Washington and his weary troops arrived at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania six days before Christmas in 1777. … Washington picked the spot because it was close enough to keep an eye on British troops sheltering in Philadelphia, yet far enough away to prevent a surprise attack on his own Continental Army.
What did George Washington do during Valley Forge?
In December, 1777, General George Washington moved the Continental Army to their winter quarters at Valley Forge. Though Revolutionary forces had secured a pivotal victory at Saratoga in September and October, Washington’s army suffered defeats at Brandywine, Paoli, and Germantown, Pennsylvania.
What did George Washington’s men have to do when they first arrived at Valley Forge?
Washington ordered his soldiers to build wooden huts for themselves, twelve by twelve feet each, and then search the countryside for straw to use as bedding. He hoped this would keep them warm since there were not enough blankets for everyone.
What problems did George Washington face at Valley Forge?
At Valley Forge, there were shortages of everything from food to clothing to medicine. Washington’s men were sick from disease, hunger, and exposure. The Continental Army camped in crude log cabins and endured cold conditions while the Redcoats warmed themselves in colonial homes.
How many died at Valley Forge?
What made George Washington a good leader?
When receiving formal appointments, Washington made sure to conduct himself in a very disciplined and decorous way. He also utilized informal power to cement his leadership. These powers included knowledge power and a strength of character that showed him to be a man of great integrity and of unswerving bravery.
Who trained George Washington’s Army at Valley Forge?
Freiherr von Steuben
How cold was it at Valley Forge?
The Encampment saw basically two periods of severe cold. The end of December with a low of 6 Degrees and the end of March with a low of 8 Degrees. The low in January reached 12 Degrees and February was 16 Degrees.
What did the soldiers eat at Valley Forge?
When no provisions were available, the entire army went without. Rations would consist of beef, pork or salt fish; bread (or flour); peas, beans or vegetables; milk, rice, Indian meal; beer or cider; molasses; candles; soft and hard soap; and rum and whiskey was also authorized, however rarely issued.
Did Washington pray at Valley Forge?
Washington in Prayer. One of the legends or myths of Valley Forge is that Washington prayed for his country here. We do not say that he did not pray at Valley Forge, there simply is an open question as to how he did so and if he actually was witnessed in prayer.
How many soldiers deserted at Valley Forge?
Number of soldiers that arrived at Valley Forge on December 19, 1777. (I’ve found estimates of 10,000 11,000 and 12,000.) Number of soldiers that deserted during the encampment at Valley Forge. (I’ve found info that varies from “many” to “over 2,000.”)
Why did George Washington’s Continental Army always have too few soldiers?
George Washington’s Continental Army always have too few soldiers because The men preferred the conditions of serving in their local militias instead. George Washington’s Continental Army always have too few soldiers because The men preferred the conditions of serving in their local militias instead.
Was George Washington a good general?
Washington proved to be a better general than military strategist. His strength lay not in his genius on the battlefield but in his ability to keep the struggling colonial army together. His troops were poorly trained and lacked food, ammunition and other supplies (soldiers sometimes even went without shoes in winter).