Who Designed The Washington Mall? (TOP 5 Tips)

National Mall

Location Between Independence and Constitution Avenues from the Capitol to the Lincoln Memorial
Coordinates 38°53′24″N 77°1′25″WCoordinates: 38°53′24″N 77°1′25″W
Architect Pierre (Peter) Charles L’Enfant; McMillan Commission
Website National Mall and Memorial Parks
Significant dates


  • Most Washington, DC, visitors head directly for the monuments and museums at The National Mall. Designed by Pierre L’Enfant in 1791, The National Mall creates the central monumental axis of DC’s grid-like layout and low building profiles. The maximum building height allowed in the city is 12

Who planned the National Mall?

The L’Enfant Plan and the National Mall In 1791, President George Washington appointed Pierre Charles L’Enfant, a French-born American architect, and civil engineer, to design the ten-mile-square of federal territory as the nation’s capital (the District of Columbia).

Who designed Washington DC layout?

Today’s Washington, D.C. owes much of its unique design to Pierre Charles L’Enfant, who came to America from France to fight in the Revolutionary War and rose from obscurity to become a trusted city planner for George Washington.

Why was the National Mall built?

The Mall was conceived as a symbolic memorial to the Civil War and reconciliation, with the Lincoln Memorial at one end, a memorial to Grant at the Capitol and Arlington Memorial Bridge linking the North to the South.

When was the Washington Mall created?

From 1791 to 2016, the National Mall materialized from blueprint to reality — and to this day is still transforming. After George Washington handpicked DC to be the site for the nation’s new capital, French engineer Pierre L’Enfant was commissioned to design the city.

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Why is the National Mall crooked?

The Monument was larger and heavier than anything that L’Enfant had envisioned, so it had to be shifted off axis to avoid less solid, marshy ground.

Why was District of Columbia not a state?

So, to compromise, George Washington himself chose a location bordering the Potomac River. The northern Maryland and the southern Virginia would be the two states to cede land for this new capital, which was founded in 1790. So, in short, statehood for D.C. would directly contradict the Constitution.

How is Washington DC designed?

Mitchell Collins, Community Contributor. Officially founded in 1790 and sited along the Potomac and Anacostia Rivers, Washington, DC is designed around a grid system, with the Capitol building in the center and diagonal streets radiating out from various points.

Who was the black man who designed Washington DC?

Only a few know that but for the meticulous memory and surveying work of black man Benjamin Banneker, an accomplished mathematician, scholar, and astronomer, Washington, D.C. would not be what it is today.

How was Washington DC created?

Washington, D.C. was founded as the capital in 1790 as a result of a compromise between Alexander Hamilton and northern states, and Thomas Jefferson and southern states. In other words, the founders worried that if the capital were to be a state, the members of the government would be unduly beholden to it.

How did National Mall get its name?

Mathew Carey’s 1802 map is reported to be the first to name the area west of the United States Capitol as the “Mall”. The name is derived from that of The Mall in London, which during the 1700s was a fashionable promenade near Buckingham Palace upon which the city’s elite strolled.

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Why is it called Washington mall?

In the late 1600s, King Charles II played pall-mall in the area with his courtiers, which is why it was called a mall. Hunt was one of the first authors to describe the mall in Washington as a national mall, meant not just for the residents of the city but for the entire nation.

Was the Washington Monument supposed to be a cross?

The Washington Monument, originally the western boundary of the Mall, became the centerpiece of the Mall symbolic cross-axis (Capitol to Lincoln Memorial axis intersecting the White House to Jefferson Memorial axis) as illustrated at the top of this page. The McMillan Plan is the design basis for the Mall today.

Is the Lincoln Memorial near the White House?

The White House is located at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue in Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States. The Washington Monument, the Capitol Building, the Jefferson Memorial, the Pentagon, and the Lincoln Memorial are also in the Washington, D.C. area.

Can you walk the National Mall?

One can easily spend an entire day walking and exploring the 2-mile loop trail along the National Mall and another 2-mile loop around the Tidal Basin. Taking in the sites and memorials that line the mall will keep everyone interested.

When was the Capitol mall built?

The project was completed in 1962.

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