General George Washington and his weary troops arrived at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania six days before Christmas in 1777. Washington picked the spot because it was close enough to keep an eye on British troops sheltering in Philadelphia, yet far enough away to prevent a surprise attack on his own Continental Army.
Why did George Washington chose the location for his winter camp at Valley Forge?
George Washington chose to make the winter camp at Valley Forge for several reasons. First, it was close to Philadelphia where the British were camping for the winter. He could keep an eye on the British and protect the people of Pennsylvania.
Why did George Washington read the crisis at Valley Forge?
By reading American Crisis to his army, Washington probably hoped to convince soldiers they were fighting for a worthwhile “cause.” If he could inspire their beliefs even for one night, his chances of success would increase greatly. Washington also probably understood that he was fighting a very different kind of war.
What was Washington’s main issue at Valley Forge?
At Valley Forge, there were shortages of everything from food to clothing to medicine. Washington’s men were sick from disease, hunger, and exposure. The Continental Army camped in crude log cabins and endured cold conditions while the Redcoats warmed themselves in colonial homes.
When did Washington go to Valley Forge?
During the winter of 1777 to 1778, Washington camped with his troops at Valley Forge, nearly twenty miles north of Philadelphia.
Why was Valley Forge a turning point?
We rightly regard Valley Forge as the turning point because it tested the nation as it would not be tested again for another fourscore and several years. George Washington’s small and fractious army limped into its bleak Pennsylvania encampment after defeats at Brandywine, Paoli and Germantown.
Why was the Battle of Valley Forge important?
The Continental Army’s transformative experiences at Valley Forge reshaped it into a more unified force capable of defeating the British and winning American independence during the remaining five years of the war.
How did General George Washington demonstrate leadership at Valley Forge?
The winter at Valley Forge might have signaled the end of the American Revolution. Fortunately for the Continentals though, Washington did not give up. In March 1778, Washington led his troops, their bodies and supplies replenished and their confidence restored, out of Valley Forge to face the British again.
What happened in the Battle of Yorktown 1781?
Siege of Yorktown, (September 28–October 19, 1781), joint Franco-American land and sea campaign that entrapped a major British army on a peninsula at Yorktown, Virginia, and forced its surrender. The siege virtually ended military operations in the American Revolution.
When did George Washington leave Valley Forge?
After failing to retake Philadelphia, Washington led his 12,000-man army into winter quarters at Valley Forge, located approximately 18 miles (29 km) northwest of Philadelphia. They remained there for six months, from December 19, 1777 to June 19, 1778.
What are some important facts about Valley Forge?
The army at the Valley Forge Encampment constructed over two miles of breastworks, 6 redans, and 5 redoubts. 25 bake ovens were built to supply the army daily with 10,000-12,000 loaves of bread. There were approximately 1,300 huts in the encampment along with other shelters and sheds for supplies and animals.
Why did soldiers stay at Valley Forge?
The troops being at Valley Forge between the British and York were a protection for Congress. The Valley Forge area (terrain) was defensible. The grounds were suitable to guard against attack. While the conditions were harsh, Washington tried to provide for the comfort of his men.
What was the purpose of George Rogers Clark’s western campaign?
Clark’s ultimate goal during the Revolutionary War was to seize the British-held fort at Detroit, but he could never recruit enough men and acquire sufficient munitions to make the attempt.
Where did George Washington stay at Valley Forge?
General George Washington rented the Isaac Potts House for his military headquarters. Washington’s Headquarters, also known as the Isaac Potts House, is the structure used by General George Washington and his household during the 1777-1778 encampment of the Continental Army at Valley Forge.
Who owned Valley Forge?
In the 1750’s a sawmill was added and in 1757, the entire property was purchased by a prominent Quaker ironmaster, John Potts.